A diffusion-free and linear-energy-transfer-independent nanocomposite Fricke gel dosimeter (2014)
We report a new magnetic-resonance-imaging (MRI) based nanocomposite Fricke gel (NC-FG) dosimeter system, which is free from two main drawbacks of conventional Fricke gel dosimeters, namely, the diffusion of the radiation products and the linear-energy-transfer (LET) dependence of the radiation sensitivity when used for ion beams. The NC-FG dosimeter was prepared by incorporating 1% (w/w) clay nanoparticles into deaerated Fricke gel. We have dosimetrically characterized the NC-FG by using MRI measurements after irradiation with a monoenergetic 290 MeV/nucleon carbon beam. No diffusion of the radiation products was observed during nine days after the irradiation. Moreover, its response faithfully reproduced the depth-dose distribution measured by an ionization chamber, which indicates the absence of the LET dependence. Also, the NC-FG dosimeter exhibited a good linearity up to 800 Gy.
T. Maeyama, N. Fukunishi, K. L. Ishikawa, T. Furuta, K. Fukasaku, S. Takagi, S. Noda, R. Himeno, and S. Fukuda, Diffusion-free and linear-energy-transfer-independent nanocomposite Fricke gel dosimeter, Radiat. Phys. Chem. 96, 92-96 (2014). (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2013.09.004)